The things that determine what your cabinets look like and just how well they will deal with daily use is going to be what they are made out of. In order to help you to grasp a balance between structural support and style, below are the types of kitchen cabinet materials.
Many cabinets are actually made from a hardwood, but in order to reduce some costs, the hardwood is often applied as a veneer over a type of substrate like plywood.
The wood will warp easily when the content of moisture changes. That is why it is really important that wood needs to have a finish on it before it ships from a factory. Having unfinished cabinetry needs to be finished immediately to keep it from warping. A Veneer cabinet will be much more stable than any solid wood for high humidity locations.
White oak is going to be durable and a little stronger than red oak. It will have a more golden tone, and a subtle grain and it will often be quarter sawn when dealing with custom cabinetry, especially if you are looking for a more arts and craft type of look. Normally, white oak is only available as a custom option.
Red Oak is going to be inexpensive, strong and durable. It comes in many styles and even finishes, and it has grain patterns that are pronounced. It is often used for the more traditional styled cabinets. This wood is great for semi-custom, stock, or custom cabinets.
Cherry is going to be pretty hard and can deal with marring and knocks. It is formal and elegant when ever used in a traditional style and it has design versatility which can give your kitchen a more contemporary feel. It has a fine, smooth grain and will have reddish brown to red wood that will darken with age and it can be stained to be a uniformed color.
Hickory will be much lighter than oak, but it will have a similar strength and grain pattern. The color is a pale, creamy yellow and it can be stained. But, just like maple the blonde tones will be complimented using a natural or clear finish. It is great for a rustic style, but it is a rare choice for semi-custom or custom cabinets.
Hard Maple will be a light color and fine-grained wood that will be a bit more expensive than oak but it will be less dense. This wood is a great choice for custom and semi-custom cabinets and it can be stained, but it will often be finished using a natural or clear finish to give it a contemporary, light look.
Pine is going to be the only softwood that will be used for cabinets, and it will dent really easily than other hardwoods. The wood is a pale-yellow color and it can be stained but it will often feature knots which are used to underscore country and traditional styles. Western and Eastern white pine will be found in many semi-custom cabinets.
Ash will have a similar durability and strength to oak, but it will have a light color and a more pronounced type of figure. This is a straight grain type of wood that will give a contemporary look when it is given a natural or clear finish. It is normally used in custom work, but it can be seen in semi-custom work.
Birch is a fine grain and durable wood that is darker than maple. It is able to take a finish and can look like expensive wood. Whenever it is stained, it is able to pull off a fake maple or cherry wood look. It is prone to irregular coloring, but it is inexpensive in both semi-custom and stock work.
Features that you should consider
Construction. Wood drawers may be constructed using rabbets, dovetails or dowels. Drawers that have dovetails will last longer, but it will take more wood to create and that makes it more expensive.
Grain. Except for the high-end work, veneered cabinets will give you a better grain match than a solid wood cabinet.
Color. You will not always like the natural color of a wood. Stain can make the color of maple on birch wood, for instance.
Guidelines for Cost
Wood and plywood or wood cabinets will begin at around $85 per linear foot, especially when it comes to semi-custom and stock area. The cost can go over $170 per linear food for custom designs, rare wood, and more.
Cabinets that is not made from solid wood or made from wood veneer will normally be Thermofoil or laminate, both which are applied to a substrate. Thermofoil and laminate will come in many patterns and colors and some that will mimic wood.
Types that are Available
Thermofoil will be a vinyl film that gets applied to a substrate using pressure and heat. This process actually makes it very possible for Thermofoil to look just like wood more closely than laminate is able to. Most often in almond or white, Thermofoil cabinets will be easy to care for and will be unlikely to chip than a painted cabinet.
Laminate is made using 3 resin layers. The first layer being a layer of paper, the next being a colored and printed layer which can be made to look like wood and then a transparent protective layer. Pressure and heat will then fuse the laminate to a substrate and the weight of the substrate can actually make a laminate cabinet much heavier than wood cabinets. Laminate will often be used to cover up exterior surfaces of cabinets, the back and front of door, and even interior surfaces. The High-pressured laminates will be hard to damage, which gives any vertical surface a similar type of durability like a countertop. A low-pressure laminate which is called melamine won’t be as impact resistant as the high pressure laminate and they have a big tendency to chip and crack. The use of a better substrate can help to reduce this issue.
Features that should be considered
Door style. This choice is going to be limited to flat fronts, but Thermofoil and laminate can actually work with curves on a raised panel door.
Availability. Thermofoil and laminate cabinets will be available at many home centers and even in DIY stores. If you are looking for new cabinets quick, and you do not have to spend a ton of money for it either which makes it a good choice.
Durability. The construction of substrate made from particleboard will not be as strong as any other option. The joints on the least expensive options will be staples which aren’t that sturdy like other options.
Guidelines for Cost
This will be the lower end for cabinet options when compared to wood veneer or wood. You should expect to pay between $55 to $80 per linear foot for base and wall cabinets when picked from the stock selection. High pressure laminate is going to be more expensive than a low-pressure laminate but it will be much more durable, yet it will be hard to repair. Thermofoil can actually cost between $40 to $50 per linear foot.
Manufactured wood products which are called substrates will be hidden behind the wood veneer, laminate, or vinyl film. Below are the types that are used:
Plywood will be made from laminating thin wood layers to each other with all the grain at a right angle in alternate piles. When the wood grain is varied it will give the plywood equal strength in every direction. The layers will then be bonded with a glue under pressure and heat. Thinner plywood will be used on the back of a cabinet and the thicker plywood will be used on the sides.
Particleboard will be made from wood particles that are mixed with a resin and then will be bonded using pressure. It will serve as the base for most cabinets that are covered with vinyl film and laminate. Newer technology and improved resins have made particleboard much stronger and reliable as a building material. However, in poor grades, the fasteners and hinges have a tendency to fall out and any particleboard that is too thin will warp or buckle under weight of any kitchen items.
Medium density fiberboard will be a substrate that is a high-quality material that will be made from small fibers than used in particleboard. It will have a better holding power for screws, its really smooth, and has clean edges. Additionally, the edges can be painted and shaped.
Shop Cabinet Doors
If you’re investing in new cabinetry or just want to refresh your kitchen by replacing cabinet doors, The Door Stop can help! We fabricate cabinet doors for residential consumers, cabinetry companies, contractors, and even retail locations. By buying direct from the factory you’ll enjoy the highest quality cabinet doors at wholesale prices. Get the best value and make your remodeling budget go further by buying your replacement cabinet doors from The Door Stop.