Cabinet Doors: How to sort through the various choices


This research is intended to present an overview of Cabinet Doors in general, then dig more deeply into the specific design features that make possible the thousands of different cabinet door styles.

Selecting from the almost unlimited number of cabinet door designs doesn't need to be a time-consuming and frustrating process. By giving the consumer an overview of the cabinet door design categories, the selection process can be significantly simplified.

Usually the consumer has at least a vague idea of the appearance they desire, but verbal descriptions of this mental image don't always get the consumer, the Cabinet Maker, and the home builder on the same page. This mental image disconnect can be avoided by giving the consumer the knowledge to quickly evaluate the options and accurately convey their desires to the cabinet maker or builder.

The process of focusing your search starts with the frame of the cabinet door and the way the frame fits together. The two methods of joining the four pieces of the frame are called Cope & Stick and Mitering. It's more informative to show pictures of these joining methods than to verbally describe the difference. Here is a picture of a Cope & Stick frame before assembly.

Here is a picture of a Mitered frame before assembly.

A little industry terminology will make describing the components more understandable. The frame components are called Stiles (not the same as a door style) and Rails. The Stiles are the vertical pieces and the Rails are the horizontal pieces.
In Cope & Stick construction the ends of the Rails are Coped with a mirror-image of the design on the edge of the Stiles. This allows the frame to be tightly joined together as the rails and stiles are clamped.

In Mitered Cabinet Doors the method of joining the Stiles and Rails is different. While Cope & Stick doors are joined at a 90-degree angle, Mitered doors are assembled by cutting the Stiles and Rails at a 45-degree angle. Modern Mitered Cabinet Doors have a Mortise and Tenon (a hidden tongue and groove) machined into the ends of the Stiles and Rails. Not only is this computerized joining method significantly stronger than older methods of doweling or biscuit joining, but it guides the Mitered Stiles and Rails into perfect alignment.

Now that you understand the differences between a Cope & Stick and Mitered frame, you can cut the size of your search in half. Simply determine which joining method you want and disregard doors assembled using the other method.

To reduce your search in half again, lets look at the panel.
Cabinet doors are sometimes called 5-Piece doors. The 5-pieces are the two stiles, the two rails, and the Panel. The Panel being the center piece which is secured in place when the stile/rail frame is assembled.
The Panels in Cabinet Doors can be either Raised Panels or Inset Panels.
Raised Panels are usually strips of solid wood which are edge-glued and machined with a given Panel-Cut Detail around the perimeter.
Inset Panels, sometimes called Recessed or Flat Panels, are usually 1/4" veneer sheets.
With Raised Panels the Panel-Cut is machined to a thickness of 1/4" at the outside edges where the panel slides into the stiles and rails. The Raised portion of the panel remains thicker and "raises" to be flush with the face of the door frame. Inset Panels are already 1/4" thick so they need no additional machining before assembly.

Here are some explanatory pictures of the same Cabinet Door frame with both a Raised Panel and an Inset Panel. The two Mitered Doors on the left are sister doors with each having the same frame. The Delaware door (far left) is a Raised Panel while the Wilmington Door (2nd from left) has an Inset Panel. The two doors at right are our Revere Raised Panel door (3rd from left) and it's sister door, our Adobe (at far right). The Revere and Adobe share the same frame and differ only with the Revere being Raised Panel and the Adobe being Inset.

By now you have been able to cut your search in half with your knowledge of Cope & Stick and Mitered door styles, and with an understanding of the Raised Panel Vs. Inset Panel options you can cut it in half again.

Here is an assortment of Cope & Stick Raised Panel Cabinet Doors, both square and arched.  A Raised Panel gives a Cope & Stick cabinet door a rich and sturdy appearance that will enhance the look of any cabinet. Raised Panel Cope & Stick doors have long been a favorite with fine furniture manufacturers and kitchen designers.

Here is an assortment of Cope & Stick Inset Panel Doors, both square and arched.
Cope & Stick Inset Panel doors offer a simple, clean look and are available in all wood types. They are less expensive than Raised Panel doors while offering excellent reliability and durability.

Mitered Cabinet Doors are only manufactured as square doors and are not available in Arched designs. Because of the almost limitless design possibilities for stile/rail options, Mitered doors have been steadily gaining in popularity over the past 10 years.
Here are some examples of Mitered Raised Panel Cabinet Doors.

Some examples of Mitered Inset Panel Doors are below.
Now, with a basic understanding of the differences between Cope & Stick and Mitered doors, and a grasp of the question of Raised Panels Vs. Inset Panels, you can quickly simplify the search through the many cabinet door possibilities.

Once you have decided between those four main options your search is greatly simplified.
The Door Stop has divided Cope & Stick and Mitered cabinet doors here, with pictures of each door.

Cope & Stick Cabinet Doors.
Mitered Cabinet Doors.

Browse our Cope & Stick or Mitered doors through these links or visit our site at The Door Stop.
Once on our website, simply click on a door picture, select any wood type and enter quantity and sizes. You will instantly see the price and, by entering your zip code, we will show you the FEDEX shipping to your home or office.
This video shows how to measure cabinet openings and the calculation for cabinet door overlay. How to calculate Cabinet Door Overlay.

Here is a video with tips on Measuring cabinet openings, Finishing and Hanging your doors, and using hinge adjustment for final alignment of the doors. Cabinet Doors 101: How to measure openings, install hinges, hang and align doors.

Blum HingeWe offer the Industry-Leading Soft Closing hinge from Blum. This is it! Click here...For more about our Hinges.

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Customer Reviews

Just finished hanging my new Shaker Doors and I had to let you know that you have done an excellent job. Really, really beautiful work. Kirk A.

I could not be more impressed with the cabinet doors I just received. My only regret is that it took me so long to pull the trigger and place the order. Charles J.

You made some replacement doors for a rental I own. Problem is...the doors I didn't replace look awful. Seriously, you make a very high quality cabinet door and I guess I'll be ordering the rest of the kitchen soon. Kay B.

I wish I would have found you years ago. I flip houses and usually remodel the kitchens, so I have some experience with cabinet doors. Yours are the best I've ever used. The sizes are right-on and the sanding was perfect. Todd J.

Your Youtube videos are outstanding. You made measuring and hanging my new doors a snap. Thank you. Jen A.

I ordered new cabinet doors for my upper cabinets in my kitchen. They needed to match the bottom doors. Thanks to your very knowledgeable staff, I got perfect doors--the grain matched, the trim matched, and the hardware is outstanding. I am delighted and would recommend this company without reservation. Thank you for an outstanding product. Madge S.

My order of cabinet doors was delivered today, and I could not be more pleased. They are BEAUTIFUL. Thank you so much for making a great product.Stacy K.

I'm a home re-modeling handyman and I just finished a kitchen remodel using your Shaker Doors. This was my first order from you and the sizes and overall quality are much better than my prior supplier. You helped my make my customer very happy.Mike B.

This was my 4th kitchen re-model with your cabinet doors and, just like before, the doors were perfect. The workmanship is top notch and the sanding was exceptional. My 5th kitchen job is scheduled for August and I'll be ordering from you again. You make a great door.Kent's Kitchens

We ordered replacement doors for our 60-year-old home and were very pleased with the product. The milling was of the highest quality. The joinery was very well done, and the wood selection was obviously done by a professional who cares what the finished product looks like. It is one thing to assemble a project with technical skill, and another thing entirely to accomplish the assembly with an eye toward bringing the best out of the wood being used. Both aspects were accomplished, and at a very high level! The dimensions were absolutely perfect. Each door was correctly dimensioned to within less than 1/16 of an inch. It was very pleasing to see this attention to detail, especially since I took the time to measure my cabinets twice, making sure I had done my part. I had never worked with white birch before, and when I saw the issues with staining the wood (soft grain with blotchy absorption of the stain) I was a bit worried. I had no problems at all because the wood was of a higher quality white birch that had been properly handled at the mill and sanded to a stain-ready finish. A good sanding sealer was applied, and then the stain. The results were EXCELLENT! All-in-all, we received a great product, great advice and excellent customer service from We would certainly recommend them to anyone looking for cabinet doors. Nice job, everyone! Michael R.

The doors arrived today and fit perfectly. Thank you very much. I will be ordering the remaining 18 doors and 6 drawer fronts in the next couple of months. Walter W.

I remodel kitchens for a living and I can only say...I wish I had found you sooner. These are the overall BEST cabinet Doors I have ever installed. Excellent quality and workmanship. Jake A.

Your cabinet doors are much higher quality than the doors that were installed by our home builder. There is really no comparison, you make a GREAT product. Al N.

The contractor remodeling our kitchen was so impressed with the doors we ordered from your website that he is going to use your doors for all his future jobs. Marcia N.

Your cabinet doors, and the finishing tips in your blog, made my kitchen remodel look GREAT. I recommend your doors to everyone. Kay H.

Hi, I have received my 1 door, and I feel like I received the same quality service and product as if it were 50 doors. I am very pleased with a beautiful door delivered as promised. Thanks, David H.

Although I haven't bought the cabinet doors for my kitchen remodeling project yet, I will be making my purchase from Your site, and especially your Blog, has more useful information than I've found anywhere else on the internet. The information you provide is exceptional and you have helped to give me the confidence to take-on this project. Nancie D.

We took your advice and ordered the smallest door in our kitchen to see your quality...which is absolutely great...Now we are ordering the rest of the kitchen and bath doors. Don & Barb B.

These cabinet doors are PERFECT! Super high quality and right-on size. Harry D.

So glad we remodeled our kitchen with your doors, instead of doors from the hardware chain. You saved us over 35%. The doors arrived in 12 days, (including 4 Fedex shipping days). The hardware chain quoted 28 days, and your quality is far better than their samples. Mark H.

These doors are EXCELLENT! In quality and workmanship and value. Very glad we found you. James L.

A friend put me onto your website and I can't thank her enough. You make an excellent product and I'm completely happy with everything about my purchase. Paula B.

I am very satisfied with these doors. The quality is GREAT!. Alex D.

Very nice cabinet doors, the color matching and the sizes are right-on. Paul L.

Your customer service is fantastic. Somehow you spotted an error I made on my order (I reversed width and height on one door) and called me to ask if the size was correct. Your attention to detail prevented me from ordering one of my doors wrong. Thank you so much. Bryan E.

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